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Below you can find and access Carbfix related public deliverables that have been written as a part of EU funded projects; GECO, CarbFix2, S4CE and CarbFix1.


Partners: Reykjavík Energy (project co-ordinator), ISOR, CNRS, GEORG, University of Iceland, IFPEN, UNIFI, GGP, STY, CIRCE, GM, ZOREN, UKRI, METU, CNR, Fraunhofer-IEG, IFE, AIMEN.

Project duration: 2018-2022.

D2.5, Baseline data collection for CO2 flux, soil temperature, gas sampling, groundwater chemistry and development of remote sensing methods at the GECO demo sites.

D2.9, Report on integrated geological and reservoir models and injection modelling.

D3.3, Report on the CO2 mineral sequestration in serpentinites.

D3.4, Report on the CO2 mineral sequestration in olivines.

D3.6, Report on the specification and validation of purified gas.

D4.3, Report on precipitation/dissolution effects of CO2/brine on rocks and materials at different T-P conditions.

D4.4, Report on the reinjection installation layout and equipment design: Surface equipment design for Castelnuovo power plant.

D4.5, Report on the sensitivity analysis: Sensitivity analysis for the surface design of the Castelnuovo geothermal power plant.


Partners: Reykjavík Energy (project co-ordinator), CNRS, University of Iceland, Climeworks, AMPHOS21.

Project duration: 2017-2020.

D3.1, Surface flux measurements of H2S and CO2: Soil flux measurements are carried out regularly to confirm that no leaks occur from the injection reservoir through the surface.

D3.2, Report on tracer breakthrough, characterization of transport processes and mineralization in reservoir: Describes the investigation of the hydrodynamics of the fluids that are reinjected in the Carbfix2 site at Húsmúli.

D3.3, Report on the effect of gas purity on solubility and mineral storage: Models that show the effects of different gas mixtures on solubility and mineral storage.

D3.4, Report on induced seismicity: Seismicity in Húsmúli discussed.

D3.5, Report on remediation strategy and best practices: Investigates responses of the reservoir due to different initiation procedures of gas injection.

D4.1, Selection of pilot gas charged seawater injection site: Method and results from selecting the pilot gas charged seawater injection site.

D4.2, Literature review of the behaviour of CO2-charged seawater on the reactivity of submarine basalts: Report of literature review.

D4.3, Report on the development of seawater-based CO2 rich gas prototype capture system: Describes the construction of a lab scale CO2 absorption tower using sea-water as capture media.

D4.4, Report on the rate, extent and consequences and reaction in the subsurface determined by reactive transport modelling: Reactive transport modeling will be used to predict the rate and consequences of injecting CO2 into sub seafloor basalts.

D4.5, Report on the results of detailed gas-charged seawater-basalt interaction: The capture and storage of CO2 through seawater based capture is confirmed.

D4.6, Report on the reactive transport model of submarine injection at the selected injection site: Results of 3D numerical models predicting the fate and reaction of CO2-H2S-seawater fluids injected under seabed.

D4.7, Baseline calibration of selected gas charged seawater injection site: Results of soil flux measurements and chemical composition of reservoir waters sampled during tracer tests.

D5.2, Report on CO2-SO2/H2S storage capacity within basaltic rocks in Europe and globally.

D6.3, Procedure for communicating with authorities in response of unusual or significant changes in injection: Description of the traffic light system.


Partners: UCL (project co-ordinator), University of Iceland, UNISA, UCBL, UBO, UNINA, Armines, UEF, ETH, Imperial College London, GEL, Q-con, Haelixa, MIRICO, SCM, GeoT, geomecon, TWI, Eni, Reykjavík Energy, St. Gallen, iPGP, IGPAS.

Project duration: 2017-2020.

D3.2, PUSH50 pressurized biological samples.

D3.5, Two ready to operate LDS multi-beam open path sensors for CO2 and CH4/C2H6.

D3.7, Workflow on testing fluid transport properties of cement based samples by electrical imaging.

D3.8, Report on the capability of studying rock samples at various.

D4.1, Workflow for adsorption experiments on samples at geologic temperature and pressure conditions.

D4.2, Sample rock physical and chemical characterization, including pore network.

D4.3, Workflow for gene screening, metagenomic libraries construction and NGS sequencing.

D4.4, Determination of biological samples identity for samples collected from field sites.

D4.5, Development of groundwater conceptual and numerical circulation model.

D4.6, Quantification of CO2 fixation in Carbfix samples under various geological conditions.

D4.7, Microbe and mineral assemblages and reactivity to gas injection from field samples.

D4.8, Set of adsorption isotherms combined with permeability for selected rock samples.

D4.9, Quantification of the biological activity of microbial samples from selected field sites.

D4.10, Enrichment and isolation of key metabolically active microorganisms.

D4.11, Model for circulation of toxic metals in groundwater near selected field sites.

D5.1, Modelling results of fluid pathways in cement based concrete samples and rock samples.

D5.2, Model for fluid migration in the subsurface.

D5.3, Integrating multi-risk and LCA assessments for energy production systems.

D5.4, Multi-scale models of fluid behaviour in cement and rock samples.

D5.5, Validation of model for fluid migration against field-site data.

D5.6, Data-driven updating of empirical ground motion to monitor induced seismicity and reservoir status.

D5.7, Models for decay of cement based concrete samples.

D5.8, Models for CO2 carbonation in various environments and in the presence of H2O and H2S.

D5.9, Demonstration of the LCA software against field data.

D5.10, Case study integration of multi-risk and LCA assessments for sub-surface geo-energy systems.

D6.1, Gas sensor performance quantitative assessment and associated operation protocols.

D6.2, Proof of concept laboratory demonstration of a EIT based sensing skin for well cap structures.

D6.3, Workflow for the implementation of novel well integrity monitoring techniques.

D6.4, Full dataset on encapsulated silica DNA-tracer stability and flow behaviour under selected conditions.

D6.5, Seismic methodology for assessing the probability of rapid fluid transport.

D6.6, Report on tracking fluid pathways and rapid fluid transport.

D7.2, Validation of the fluid migration models based on field site data.

D7.3, Validation of gas sensors on field sites.

D7.4, Validation of sensing skin and well integrity monitoring techniques on field sites.

D7.6, Workflow for the installation of gas sensing equipment on site.

D7.7, Workflow for the installation of sensing skins on site.

D7.8, Methane and ethane gas analysis in combination with carbon dioxide isotope analysis at specific locations.

D8.1, Workflow for Students and Post-Doctoral Researchers EU – North American Exchanges.

D8.2, Best Practice Procedures for Sub-Surface Geo-Energy Operations.

D8.3, Protocols for Emergency Response, Mitigation and Remediation.

D8.4, Policy recommendations for the environmentally conscious deployment of sub-surface operations.

D8.5, Groundwater Remediation Protocols.


Partners: Reykjavík Energy (project co-ordinator), CNRS, University of Iceland, Climeworks, UCPH, AMPHOS21.

Project duration: 2011-2014.

D2.2, Gas injection system: All major components of the gas injection system in the Carbfix project are detailed and described.

D3.1, Surface monitoring in the Carbfix project: Reports on preliminary data from a continuous CO2 monitoring station at the injection site.

D4.2, Host and cap rock reactivity: Summary on experimental results on the reactivity of basalt and limestone.

D4.3, Toxic metal release: Report on investigations on the leaching of toxic elements during interaction of CO2 loaded water with basalt and limestone.

D5.1, Provisional PHREEQC mineral dissolution kinetics database: Preliminary description of a database designed to allow an understanding of the temporal evolution of fluid-mineral-glass reactions occurring during the subsurface carbon-dioxide injection.

D6.3, Carbfix reactive transport model: Reactive transport simulations to predict mineralization of CO2 and H2S into thermodynamically stable minerals.