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Scientific Papers

Below you can find and access all available Scientific Papers the Carbfix team has published over the years, as well as PhD, MSc and BSc theses. If you are not able to access any of the following links please Contact Us.

For a comprehensive introduction to carbon mineral storage, we recommend our recent review in Nature Reviews: Snæbjörnsdóttir et al. 2020. For more information see public Carbfix related deliverables from EU funded projects here.


Becattini, V., Wiemer, S., Mazzotti, M., 2024. Accelerating the climate transition through scientist-led CO2 management pilot projects. Nature Chemical Engineering volume 1, 267–269 (2024).

Rycroft, L., Neele, F., Bruun, K.B. et al., 2024. Geological storage of CO2 in Deployment of Carbon Capture and Storage, Insights, Case Studies, and Key Learnings. Woodhead Publishing Series on Carbon Capture and Storage, 133-266.


Rosenqvist, M.P., Meakins, M.W.J., Planke, S., et al., 2023. Reservoir properties and reactivity of the Faroe Islands Basalt Group: Investigating the potential for CO2 storage in the North Atlantic Igneous Province. IJGGC, vol. 123, 103838.

Heřmanská, M., Voigt, M.J., Marieni, C., et al., 2023. A comprehensive and consistent mineral dissolution rate database: Part II: Secondary silicate minerals. Chem. Geol., Vol. 636, 121632. 


Galeczka, I.M., Stefánsson, A., Kleine, B.I., Gunnarsson-Robin, J., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., et al. (2022). A pre-injection assessment of CO2 and H2S mineralization reactions at the Nesjavellir (Iceland) geothermal storage site, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 115, 103610.

Heřmanská, M., Voigt, M. J., Marieni, C., Declercq, J., & Oelkers, E. H. (2022). A comprehensive and internally consistent mineral dissolution rate database: Part I: Primary silicate minerals and glasses. Chemical Geology, 597, 120807.

Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Marieni, C., Voigt, M., Sigfússon, B. (2022). 7.16 - Carbon Capture and Storage in Geothermal Development. In Comprehensive Renewable Energy (Second Edition), Editor: Trevor M. Letcher, Elsevier,  2022, 315-330.

Ratouis, T., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S., Ó., Voigt, M.,J., Sigfússon, B., Aradóttir, E., A., Hjörleifsdóttir, V. (2022) A transport model of long-term CO2 and H2S injection into basaltic rocks at Hellisheidi, SW-Iceland, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 114, 103586.

Xing, T., Ghaffari, H.,O., Mok, I., Pec, M. (2022), Creep of CarbFix basalt: influence of rock–fluid interaction, Solid Earth, 1, 13.


T. J. W. Postma, K. W. Bandilla, C. A. Peters, M. A. Celia, (2021). Field-Scale Modeling of CO2 Mineral Trapping in Reactive Rocks: A Vertically Integrated Approach. Water Resources Research, 58, 1.

Hjörleifsdóttir, V., Ingvarsson, G., Ratouis, T., Gunnarsson, G., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S., and Sigfússon, B. (2021). Ten years of induced earthquakes in the Húsmúli CO2 injection site, Hellisheiði, Iceland. Sixth International Conference on Engineering Geophysics, Virtual, 25–28 October.

Voigt, M., Marieni, C., Baldermann, A., Galeczka, I.M., Wolff–Boenisch, D., Oelkers, E.H., & Gislason, S.R. (2021). An experimental study of basalt–seawater− CO2 interaction at 130 °C. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

Mahzari, P., Stanton-Yonge, A., Sanchez-Roa, C., Saldi, G., Mitchell, T., Oelkers, E.H., Hjörleifsdóttir, V., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Ratouis, T., Striolo, A., Jones, A.P. (2021). Characterizing fluid flow paths in the Hellisheidi geothermal field using detailed fault mapping and stress-dependent permeability. Geothermics, 94, 102127.

Marieni, C., Voigt, M., Clark, D.E., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H. (2021). Mineralization potential of water-dissolved CO2 and H2S injected into basalts as function of temperature: Freshwater versus Seawater. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 109, 103357.

D´Aniello, A., Tómasdóttir, S., Sigfússon, B., Fabbricino, M. (2021). Modeling Gaseous CO2 Flow Behavious in Layered Basalts: Dimensional Analysis and Aquifer Response. Groundwater, 1-17.

Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Steinþórsdóttir, K., Snorradóttir, S., Helgason, K. (2021). Protecting Our Climate by Turning CO2 Into Stone. Frontiers for Young Minds.

Deutz, S. & Bardow, A. (2021). Life-cycle assessment of an industrial direct air capture process based on temperature–vacuum swing adsorption. Nature Energy, 6, p203–213.

Marieni, C., Voigt, M., Oelkers, E.H., (2021). Experimental study of epidote dissolution rates from pH 2 to 11 and temperatures from 25 to 200 °C. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 294, 70-88.


Clark, D.E., Oelkers, E.H., Gunnarsson, I., Sigfússon, B., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Aradóttir, E.A., Gíslason, S.R. (2020). CarbFix2: CO2 and H2S mineralization during 3.5 years of continuous injection into basaltic rocks at more than 250 °C. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 279, 45-66.

Karlsdottir, M. R., Heinonen, J., Palsson, H., & Palsson, O. P. (2020). Life cycle assessment of a geothermal combined heat and power plant based on high temperature utilization. Geothermics, 84, 101727.

Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Sigfússon, B., Marieni, C., Goldberg, D., Gislason, S.R. and Oelkers, E.H. (2020). Carbon dioxide storage through mineral carbonation. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 1, 90-102.


Clark, D.E., Galeczka, I.M., Dideriksen, K., Voigt, M.J., Wolff-Boenisch, D. and Gislason, S.R. (2019). Experimental observations of CO2-water-basaltic glass interaction in a large column reactor experiment at 50°C. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 89, 9-19.

Pogge von Strandmann, P.A.E., Burton, K.W., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Sigfússon, B., Aradóttir, E.S., Gunnarsson, I., et al. (2019). Rapid CO2 mineralisation into calcite at the CarbFix storage site quantified using calcium isotopes. Nature Communications, 10, 1983.

Ratouis, T., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Gunnarsson, G., Gunnarsson, I., Kristjánsson, B.R., Aradóttir, E.S. (2019). Modelling the Complex Structural Features Controlling Fluid Flow at the CarbFix2 Reinjection Site, Hellisheiði Geothermal Power Plant, SW-Iceland. Proceedings, 44th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford, California, February 11-13, 2019. SGP-TR-214, p18.


Oelkers, E.H., Butcher, R., Pogge von Strandmann P.A.E., Schuessler, J.A., von Blanckenburg, F., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., et al. (2018). Using stable Mg isotope signatures to assess the fate of magnesium during the in situ mineralisation of CO2 and H2S at the CarbFix site in SW-Iceland. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 245, 542-555.

Gunnarsson, I., Aradóttir, E. S., Oelkers, E.H., Clark, D.E., Arnarson, M.Þ., Sigfússon, B., et al. (2018). The rapid and cost-effective capture and subsurface mineral storage of carbon and sulfur at the CarbFix2 site. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 79, 117-126.

Stockmann, G.J., Ranta, E., Trampe, E., Sturkell, E., Seaman, P. (2018). Carbon mineral storage in seawater: Ikaite (CaCO3·6H2O) columns in Greenland. Energy Procedia, 146, 59-67.

Marieni, C., Oelkers, E.H. (2018). Carbon sequestration potential of altered mafic reservoirs. Energy Procedia, 146, 68-73.

Voigt, M., Marieni, C., Clark, D.E., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H. (2018). Evaluation and refinement of thermodynamic databases for mineral carbonation. Energy Procedia, 146, 81-91.

Gíslason, S.R., Sigurðardóttir, H., Aradóttir, E.S., Oelkers, E.H. (2018). A brief history of CarbFix: Challenges and victories of the project‘s pilot phase. Energy Procedia, 146, 103-114.

Aradóttir, E.S.P., Hjálmarsson, E. (2018). CarbFix - public engagement and transparency. Energy Procedia, 146, 115-120

Clark, D.E., Gunnarsson, I., Aradóttir, E.S., Arnarsson, M.Þ., Þorgeirsson, Þ.A., Sigurðardóttir, S.S., et. al. (2018). The chemistry and potential reactivity of the CO2-H2S charged injected waters at the basaltic CarbFix2 site, Iceland. Energy Procedia, 146, 121-128.

Gutknecht, V., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Sigfússon, G., Aradóttir, E.S., Charles, L. (2018). Creating a carbon dioxide removal solution by combining rapid mineralization of CO2 with direct air capture. Energy Procedia, 146, 129-134.

Sigfússon, B., Arnarson, M.Þ., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Karlsdóttir, M.R., Aradóttir, E.S., Gunnarsson, I. (2018). Reducing emissions of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide at Hellisheidi power plant in 2014-2017 and the role of CarbFix in achieving the 2040 Iceland climate goals. Energy Procedia, 146, 135-145.

Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Tómasdóttir, S., Sigfússon, B., Aradóttir, E.S., Gunnarsson, G., Niemi, A., et. al. (2018). The geology and hydrology of the CarbFix2 site, SW-Iceland. Energy Procedia, 146, 146-157.

Marieni, C., Přikryl, J., Aradóttir, E.S., Gunnarsson, I., Stefánsson, A. (2018). Towards 'green' geothermal energy: Co-mineralization of carbon and sulfur in geothermal reservoirs. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 77, 96-105.

Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Gislason, S.R., Galeczka, I.M., Oelkers, E.H. (2018). Reaction path modelling of in-situ mineralisation of CO2 at the CarbFix site at Hellisheidi, SW-Iceland. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 220, 348-366.

Wolff-Boenisch, D., Galeczka, I. (2018). Flow-through reactor experiments on basalt-(sea)water-CO2 reactions at 90 °C and neutral pH. What happens to the basalt pore space under post-injection conditions? International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 68, 176-190.

Callow, B., Falcon-Suarez, I., Ahmed, S., Matter, J. (2018). Assessing the carbon sequestration potential of basalt using X-ray micro-CT and rock mechanics, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 70, 146-156.


Trias, R., Ménez, B., le Campion, P., Zivanovic, Y., Lecourt, L., Lecoeuvre, A., et al. (2017). High reactivity of deep biota under anthropogenic CO2 injection into basalt. Nature Communications, 8, 1063.

Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Oelkers, E.H., Mesfin, K., Aradóttir, E.S., Dideriksen, K., Gunnarsson, I., et al. (2017). The chemistry and saturation states of subsurface fluids during the in situ mineralisation of CO2 and H2S at the CarbFix site in SW-Iceland. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 58, 87-102.


Matter, J.M., Stute, M., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Oelkers, E.H., Gíslason, S.R., Aradóttir, E.S., et al. (2016). Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. Science, 352, 1312-1314.

Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Gislason S.R. (2017). CO2 Storage Potential of Basaltic Rocks Offshore Iceland. Energy Procedia, 86, 371-380.


Sigfússon, B., Gíslason, S.R., Matter, J.M., Stute, M., Gunnlaugsson, E., Gunnarsson, I., et al. (2015). Solving the carbon-dioxide buoyancy challenge: The design and field testing of a dissolved CO2 injection system. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 37, 213–219.

Aradóttir, E.S.P., Gunnarsson, I., Sigfússon, B., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H., Stute, M., et al. (2015). Towards Cleaner Geothermal Energy: Subsurface Sequestration of Sour Gas Emissions from Geothermal Power Plants. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015.

Aradóttir, E.S.P., Gunnarsson, I., Sigfússon, B., Gunnarsson, G., Júliusson, B.M., Gunnlaugsson, E., et al. (2015). Towards Cleaner Geothermal Energy Utilization: Capturing and Sequestering CO2 and H2S Emissions from Geothermal Power Plants. Transport in Porous Media, 108, 61-84.

Júliusson B.M., Gunnarsson, I., Matthíasdóttir, K.V., Markússon, S.H., Bjarnason, B., Sveinsson, Ó.G., et al. (2015). Tackling the Challenge of H2S Emissions. Proceedings World Geothermal. Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015.


K.L. Anthonsen, P. Aagaard, P. E.S. Bergmo et. al. 2014. Characterisation and Selection of the Most Prospective CO2 Storage Sites in the Nordic Region, Energy Procedia, Vol. 63, p. 4884-4896

Gislason, S.R. and Oelkers, E.H. (2014). Carbon Storage in Basalt. Science 344, 373-374.

Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Wiese, F., Fridriksson, Þ., Ármannsson, H., Einarsson, G.M., Gislason, S.R. (2014). CO2 storage potential of basaltic rocks in Iceland and the oceanic ridges. Energy Procedia, 63, 4585-4600.

Matter, J.M., Stute, M., Hall, J., Mesfin, K., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Gíslason, S.R., et al. (2014). Monitoring permanent CO2 storage by in situ mineral carbonation using a reactive tracer technique. Energy Procedia, 63, 4180-4185.

Gíslason, S.R., Broeker, W.S., Gunnlaugsson, E., Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó., Mesfin, K.G., Alfreðsson, H.A., et al. (2014). Rapid solubility and mineral storage of CO2 in basalt. Energy Procedia, 63, 4561–4574.

Galeczka, I.M., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Oelkers, E.H., Gíslason, S.R. (2014). An experimental study of basaltic glass–H2O-CO2 interaction at 22 and 50° C: Implications for subsurface storage of CO2. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 126, 123-145.

Galeczka, I.M., Oelkers, E.H., Gíslason, S.R. (2014).  The chemistry and element fluxes of the July 2011 Múlakvísl and Kaldakvísl glacial floods, Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 273, 41–57.

Gudbrandsson, S., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gislason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H. (2014). Experimental determination of plagioclase dissolution rates as a function of its composition and pH at 22°C. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 139, 154–172.

Olsson, J., Stipp, S.L.S., Makovicky, E., Gislason, S.R. (2014). Metal scavenging by calcium carbonate at the Eyjafjallajökull volcano: A carbon capture and storage analogue. Chemical Geology, 384, 135–148.

Schultz, L.N., Dideriksen, K., Lakshtanov, L., Hakim, S.S., Müter, D., Haußer, F., et al. (2014) From nanometer aggregates to micrometer crystals: Insight into the coarsening mechanism of calcite. Crystal Growth & Design, 14, 552–558.

Stockmann, G.J., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Bovet, N., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H. (2014). The role of silicate surfaces on calcite precipitation kinetics. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 135, 231-250.

Tobler, D.J., Rodriguez Blanco, J.D., Dideriksen K., Sand K.K., Bovet, N., Benning, L.G., Stipp, S.L.S. (2014). The effect of aspartic acid and glycine on amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) structure, stability and crystallization. Geochemistry of the Earth’s Surface meeting, GES-10. Procedia Earth Planet. Sci. 10, 143 – 148.


K.L. Anthonsen, P. Aagaard, P.E.S. Bergmo, et al. 2013. CO2 Storage Potential in the Nordic Region, Energy Procedia, Vol. 37, 5080-5092.

Alfredsson, H.A., Oelkers, E.H., Hardarson, B.S., Franzson, H., Gunnlaugsson, E., Gíslason, S.R. (2013) The geology and water chemistry of the Hellisheidi, SW-Iceland carbon storage site. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 12, 399–418.

Aradóttir, E.S.P., Sigfússon, B., Sonnenthal, E.L., Björnsson, G., Jónsson, H. (2013). Dynamics of basaltic glass dissolution – Capturing microscopic effects in continuum scale models. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 121, 311–327.

Alfredsson, H.A., Oelkers, E.H. and Gíslason, S.R., (2013). The predicted fate of CO2 injected into basaltic rock. New Zealand Geothermal Workshop 2012 Proceedings 19 - 21 November 2012 Auckland, New Zealand, 5 pp.

Declercq, J., Diedrich, T., Perrot, M., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H. (2013). Experimental determination of rhyolitic glass dissolution rates at 40–200 C and 2 < pH < 10.1. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 100, 251-263.

Declercq, J., Bosc, O., Oelkers, E.H. (2013). Do organic ligands affect forsterite dissolution rates? Applied Geochemistry, 39, 69-77.

Galeczka, I., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gíslason, S.R. (2013). Experimental studies of basalt–H2O–CO2 interaction with a high pressure column flow reactor: the mobility of metals. Energy Procedia, 37, 5823–5833.

Galeczka, I.M., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Jonsson, T., Sigfússon, B., Stefansson, A., Gíslason, S.R. (2013).  A novel high pressure column flow reactor for experimental studies of CO2 mineral storage. Applied Geochemistry, 30, 91-104.

Gunnarsson, I., Aradóttir, E.S., Sigfússon, B., Gunnlaugsson, E., Júlíusson, B.M. (2013). Geothermal Gas Emission From Hellisheidi and Nesjavellir Power Plants, Iceland, GRC Transactions. GRC Transactions, 37, 785-789.

Stockmann, G.J., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H., (2013). Do carbonate precipitates affect dissolution kinetics? 2: Diopside. Chemical Geology, 337–338, 55-66. 


Aradóttir, E.S.P., Sonnenthal, E.L., Björnsson, G., Jónsson, H. (2012). Multidimensional reactive transport modeling of CO2 mineral sequestration in basalts at the Hellisheidi geothermal field, Iceland International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 9, 24-40.

Aradóttir, E.S.P., Sonnenthal, E.L., Jónsson, H.I. (2012). Development and evaluation of a thermodynamic dataset for phases of interest in CO2 sequestration in basaltic rocks. Chemical Geology, 304–305, 26–38.

Aradóttir, E.S.P., Gunnarsson, I., Sigfússon, B., Gunnarsson, G., Gunnlaugsson, E., Sigurðardóttir, H., et al. (2012). Towards cleaner geothermal energy  utilization: capturing and sequestering CO2 and H2S emissions from geothermal power plants. PROCEEDINGS, TOUGH Symposium 2012. Lawrence Berekeley National Laboratory, Berkeley California, September 17-19.

Gysi, A.P., Stefansson, A., (2012). CO2-water-basalt interaction. Low temperature experiments and implications for CO2 sequestration into basalts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 81, 129-152.

Gysi, A.P., Stefansson, A., (2012). Mineralogical aspects of CO2 sequestration during hydrothermal basalt alteration - An experimental study at 75 to 250 °C and elevated pCO2. Chemical Geology, 306-307, 146–159.

Gysi, A.P., Stefansson, A., (2012). Experiments and geochemical modeling of CO2sequestration during hydrothermal basalt alteration. Chemical Geology, 306-307, 10–28.

Alfredsson, H.A., Boenisch, D. W., Stefánsson, A. (2011). CO2 sequestration in basaltic rocks in Iceland: Development of a piston-type downhole sampler for CO2 rich fluids and tracers. Energy Procedia, 4, 3510–3517.

Stockmann, G.J., Shirokova, L.S., Pokrovsky, O.S., Benezeth, P., Bovet, N., Gíslason, S.R., et al. (2012). Does the presence of heterotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas reactants affect basaltic glass dissolution rates? Chemical Geology, 296-297, 1–18.


Aradóttir, E.S.P., Sigurðardóttir, H., Sigfússon, B., Gunnlaugsson, E. (2011). CarbFix: A CCS pilot project imitating and accelerating natural CO2 sequestration. Greenhouse Gas Sci Technol. 1: 105-118. 

Stefánsson, A., Arnórsson, S., Gunnarsson, I., et al. (2011). The geochemistry and sequestration of H2S into the geothermal system at Hellisheidi, Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 202, 179-188.

Flaathen, T.K., Oelkers, E.H., Gislason, S.R., Aagaard, P. (2011). The effect of dissolved sulphate on calcite precipitation kinetics and consequences for subsurface CO2 storage. Energy Procedia 4, 5037–5043.

Gysi, A.P., Stefansson, A., 2011. CO2–water–basalt interaction. Numerical simulation of low temperature CO2 sequestration into basalts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 4728–4751.

Gudbrandsson, S., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gislason, S. R., Oelkers, E. H. (2011) An experimental study of crystalline basalt dissolution from 2 6 pH 6 11 and temperatures from 5 to 75°C. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 5496–5509.

Matter, J.M., Broecker, W., Gislason, S.R., et al. (2011). The CarbFix Pilot Project – Storing Carbon Dioxide in Basalt. Energy Procedia, 4, 5579–5585.

Ragnheiðardóttir, E., Sigurðardóttir, H., Kristjánsdóttir, H., Harvey, W. (2011). Opportunities and challenges for CarbFix: An evaluation of capacities and costs for the pilot scale mineralization sequestration project at Hellisheidi, Iceland and beyond. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 5: 1065–1072.

Stockmann, G.J., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gislason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H. (2011). Do carbonate precipitates affect dissolution kinetics? 1: Basaltic glass, Chemical Geology, 284, 306-316.

Wolff-Boenisch, D., Wenau, S., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H. (2011). Dissolution of basalts and peridotite in the presence of organic and inorganic ligands, in seawater and under pCO2 pressure at 25°C. Implications for mineral sequestration of carbon dioxide. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 5510-5525.

Wolff-Boenisch, D:. (2011). On the buffer capacity of CO2-charged seawater used for carbonation and subsequent mineral sequestration. Energy Procedia, 4, 3738–3745.


Gíslason, S.R., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Stefansson, A., et al. (2010). Mineral sequestration of carbon dioxide in basalt: A pre-injection overview of the CarbFix project. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 4, 537-545.

Flaathen, T.K., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H., (2010). The effect of aqueous sulphate on basaltic glass dissolution rates. Chemical Geology, 277, 345–354.


Flaathen, T.K., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers E.H. (2009). Chemical evolution of the Mt. Hekla, Iceland, groundwaters: A natural analogue for CO2 sequestration in basaltic rocks. Applied Geochemistry, 24, 463-474.

Matter, J.M., Broecker, W.S., Stute, M., Gíslason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H., Stefánsson, A., et al. (2009). Permanent Carbon Dioxide Storage into Basalt: The CarbFix Pilot Project, Iceland. Energy Procedia, 1, 3641-3646.


Alfredsson, H.A., Hardarson, B.S., Franzson, H., Gislason, S.R. (2008). CO2 sequestration in basaltic rock at the Hellisheidi site in SW Iceland:Stratigraphy and chemical composition of the rocks at the injection site. Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 1-5.

Flaathen, T.K., Oelkers, E.H., Gíslason, S.R. (2008). The effect of aqueous sulphate on basaltic glass dissolution rate. Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 39-41. 

Gudbrandsson, S., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gíslason, S.R. Oelkers, E.H. (2008). Dissolution rates of crystalline basalt at pH 4 and 10 and 25-75°C. Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 155-158. 

Gysi, A.P. and Stefánsson, A. (2008). Numerical modelling of CO2-water-basalt interaction. Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 55-59.

Oelkers, E.H., Gíslason, S.R., Matter, J. (2008). Mineral Carbonation of CO2. Elements, 4, 331-335.

Rezvani Khalilabad, M., Axelsson, G., Gislason, S.R. (2008). Aquifer characterization with tracer test technique; permanent CO2 sequestration into basalt, SW Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 121 125. 

Stockmann, G., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gíslason, S.R. and Oelkers, E.H. (2008). Dissolution of diopside and basaltic glass: the effect of carbonate coating. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 135-139.

PhD Thesis

Clark, D. (2019). Mineral storage of carbon in basaltic rocks at elevated temperatures. A field and experimental study. University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland. 

Snæbjörnsdóttir, S.Ó. (2017). Mineral storage of carbon in basaltic rocks. University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland.

Alfredsson, H.A. (2015). Water-rock interaction during mineral carbonation and volcanic ash weathering. University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland.

Galeczka I. (2013). Experimental and field studies of basalt-carbon dioxide interaction. University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland. 

Gudbrandsson, S. (2013). Experimental weathering rates of alunimum-silicates. University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland.

Stockmann, G.J. (2012). Experimental study of Basalt carbonatization. Ph.D. thesis, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Aradottir, E.S.P. (2011). Reactive transport models of CO2-water-basalt interaction and applications to CO2 mineral sequestration. University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland.

Gysi, A.P. (2011). CO2-water-basalt Interaction: Reaction Path Experiments and Numerical Modeling. University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Flaathen, T.K. (2009). Water-rock interaction during CO2 sequestration in basalt. University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland. 


MSc Thesis

Aaberg, I. (2013) Characterization of olivine reacted with supercritical CO2 using surface sensitive techniques - Implications for mineral carbonation. University of Copenhagen. 75 p.

Rezvani Khalilabad, M. 2008. Characterization of the Hellisheidi-Threngsli CO2 sequestration Target Aquifier by Tracer Testing. Oddi, Reykjavik, Iceland, 2008. ISBN: 978-9979-68-252-3. ISSN: 1670-7427

Ragnheidardottir, E.V. 2010. Costs, Profitability and Potential Gains of the CarbFix Program. pp 107.


BSc Thesis

Madsen, E.K. (2014) Limestone interaction with supercritical CO2: Investigating the implications on limestone morphology and composition. University of Copenhagen. 35 p.

Petersen, M. L. (2014) Underground storage of carbon dioxide: Investigating the release of trace elements from limestone. University of Copenhagen. 42 p.

Kragsberger, R.T. (2014) Reactivity of calcite in contact with water and supercritical CO2. University of Copenhagen. 45 p.

Weihe, S.H.C. (2014) Geological Carbon Dioxide Sequestration: Investigating mineral dissolution and the release of trace elements from limestone upon interaction with scCO2. University of Copenhagen. 45 p.